• Study Guide for Heart Healthy Unit – 4th Grade         


    P.E. Standard: 10.1.3 B Identify and know the location and function of the major body organs and systems.

               10.1.6 E Identify health problems that can occur throughout life and describe ways to prevent them.


    DIRECTIONS: Please review the following information with your child for our 10 point Health and Physical Education quiz next week.




    • Two consequences of heart disease are heart attack and stroke.


    • Arteriosclerosis is a build up of plaque in the artery.


    • The circulatory system pumps blood throughout the body.


    • The circulatory system is made up of  the heart  and three types of blood vessels - veins, arteries, and capillaries.


    • The lungs are part of the respiratory system which supplies the body with oxygen.


    • The circulatory and respiratory systems work as a team to supply the body with fresh oxygen.


    • Three risk factors for heart disease due to personal habits are: inactivity, being overweight, and smoking.


    • Other risk factors include: high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.


    • A risk means you are more likely to have heart disease.


    • Oxygen is carried in the arteries away from the heart to the muscles of the body.


    • Carbon dioxide is carried through the veins back to the heart and lungs.


    • Exercising for 60 minutes a day and eating a healthy nutritious diet can help prevent heart disease.


    • Aerobic exercise makes the heart stronger and more efficient.


    • The heart is made of muscle and has 4 chambers.





Last Modified on January 26, 2011