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    Unit VIII: Dealing with Domestic and Global Crisis (1929-1945)



    I.          What Caused the Depression?


    Text 812-816


    How widespread was the prosperity of the 1920’s?  How did government policies in the 1920’s demonstrate that “the business of America is business”?



    II.        Hoover and the “Crisis of American Individualism”


    Text 816 (bottom sentence), 818-819 (first column); Spirit II 316-317 (Hoover), 317-318 (Roosevelt)


    Do you agree that the ruin of Hoover’s public career was due to the “collapse of the world that produced and shaped his philosophy”?





    III.       The Hallelujah Attitude – 1932 Style


                Text 823-832 (top paragraph)


    In what ways were Hoover and FDR the “perfect men for the job” in the elections that made them President (1928 and 1932 respectively)?  What is FDR’s philosophy in dealing with the Depression?




    IV.       Demagoguery


    Text 832-833 (2nd column, 1st paragraph); Spirit II 333-335 (Long), 335-338 (Coughlin), 338-339 (Thomas), 339-340 (Townsend)




    What circumstances forced Roosevelt into more extreme positions on social, economic, and political questions?  Do you agree that the “central art of the New Deal was not economic planning but adroit political maneuvering?”  Explain.





    V.        Farm Policy Controversy and the Horror of the Dust Bowl


                Text 837 (2nd column) -839 (first paragraph); Spirit II 344-346 (Low)



    How can the federal government justify paying farmers to destroy crops and slaughter livestock when people are starving?






    VI.       Nine Old Men” and the attempted Purge of 1938


    Text 843 (last sentence)-846 (3rd paragraph); Spirit II 351-352 (Ickes), 353-354 (Thompson)


    Does the federal government in an emergency have the right and responsibility to overstep its constitutional authority in the interest and welfare of the people?  Are FDR’s actions in this section an example of this?






    VII.     New Deal or Raw Deal?  FDR’s Scorecard


                Text 846-849 (all), 851


    Is FDR to be lauded or vilified for the New Deal?  Which of the 3 “R’s” was most successfully implemented?  Which was least successfully implemented? 





    VIII.    The Development of the Good Neighbor Policy


    Text 821, 853-856 (top paragraph)



    What factors influenced America’s increasing lack of desire to intervene in the domestic affairs of Latin American countries?




    IX.       The US in a Disintegrating World


    Text 856-861


    Was the American moral stand against Japanese expansion wise?  What was the effect of the Neutrality Acts on affairs in Europe?




    X.        Isolationism vs. Intervention


    Text 861-862, 864-871 (3rd paragraph)


    How much of the American drift toward intervention in Europe was due to American popular demand?  How much was due to the decisions of leaders?  How much was due to events which were out of American control? 




    XI.       Black Sunday” and its aftermath


    Text 871 (4th paragraph) - 872 (all), 875-876 (3rd paragraph)


    Could the Japanese attack have been forestalled by a softer American policy in the Far East?  Would such a policy have been wise?  How much effect did European developments have in precipitating the war in the Pacific?  Did America maneuver the Japanese into attacking Pearl Harbor?




    XII.     America in World War II – The European Theater


    Text 889-894, 896-897 (first sentence)


    Why were the Americans so late in establishing a “true” Second Front in the European Theater?  What ramifications will this have on future foreign relations among those powers involved?



    XIII.    America in World War II – The Pacific Theater


    Text 886-889 (2nd paragraph), 897-898


    Is there evidence of racism in the Pacific fighting in WWII that isn’t present in the European campaign?  What impact do you think this has on events that transpire there?



    XIV.    The Atomic Bomb and Triumph of the Allies


                Text 898-901, 904, 905-906


    What is your opinion on the controversy of the atomic bomb?  Was Truman justified in making the decision to use it?


Last Modified on July 11, 2016