• reading
    THEME 1

    Lesson 1

    Lesson 2

    Lesson 3

    Lesson 4

    Lesson 5






    humiliation- feeling of shame or embarrassment

    expectations- beliefs about how well others will do, or about how they should behave

    fringes- areas along the edges, far away from the center of action

    hesitating- pausing before doing something because you are feeling unsure

    sincere- being honest; mean what you say

    coaxed- gently talked into doing something by someone else

    tone- make voice show how you feel

    stub- small left-over end or part of something

    fine-tuned- in the best shape


    maven- someone with special knowledge about a particular subject

    mortified- feel extremely embarrassed or ashamed

    reigned- has been very important in a particular place

    conceited-someone who thinks too highly of themselves

    designated-has been chosen for a special purpose

    smirk- unkind smile

    exhilarated-feel very excited and energetic

    compete-try to do better than someone else in something

    noting- pay close attention to

    inspiring- helps others believe they can do great things

    pried- forced something away from a surface

    desperately- wanting something so much that you’ll do almost anything to get it

    sneered- showed with your words and expression that you had little respect for that person

    indignantly- show irritation because you feel you have been insulted or treated unfairly

    urgently- important to do right away

    grudgingly-say or do something without really wanting to

    stall-a small box-like room that people use to show things they want to sell

    crumpled- crushed out of the normal shape

    eccentric- habits or opinions that seem odd to other people

    infuriated- to feel very, very angry

    disheartened- feel disappointed and less hopeful

    impassable- impossible to pass

    relented- agreed to something you would not agree to before

    faze- bother or confuse you

    crusaded- tried to make a change based on his or her beliefs

    roles- normal jobs or things a person is expected to do

    sparked-caused or excited strong feelings

    ballots- pieces of paper on which people had written their votes


    genial- warm and friendly

    prognostication- a forecast or prediction

    stricken- suddenly and badly affected by something

    dramatically- in a striking or impressive way

    restrain-hold back or limit something

    protest- way of demonstrating you are against something

    feverishly- working quickly and excitedly

    overcome- overpowered with feeling


    spectacular- very impressive and draws a lot of attention

    competing- challenging







    Plot: Conflict and Resolution


    Genre Characteristics: Narrative Form

    expository text- gives information, persuades, or explains; always nonfiction

    narrative text- tells a story; can be fiction OR nonfiction

    Plot: Conflict and Resolution


    Predict Outcomes

    Predicting an outcome is telling what is likely to happen next.  You can use story information and what you know from your own experience to predict the future.

    Character’s Motives-reasons the character acts as he or she does.


    Narrative Forms  Tell a story.  Purpose is to entertain or to teach a lesson.   Can be fiction or nonfiction.


    Using Context to figure out what unknown words mean.

    Character’s Motives-reasons the character acts as he or she does.


    Vocabulary Strategy- Using the Context


    Plot: Conflict and Resolution

    Character’s Motives

    Narrative Forms

    THEME 2

    Lesson 6

    Lesson 7

    Lesson 8

    Lesson  9

    Lesson 10






    wistful-seems like your wishes probably won’t come true

    grateful-feel thankful for someone or something

    grim-appears serious and maybe even scary

    raspy- sounds rough and harsh, like sandpaper scraping wood

    swarmed-moved quickly and gathered around something

    revelers- people who are having fun at a lively party or celebration

    irresistible- hard to say no to

    fanatic- showed extreme or too much excitement about something

    approached- moved toward

    embarrassed- felt uncomfortable or ill at ease

    fret- feel stressed

    assured- made to feel everything will be alright

    nudged- pushed or poked gently

    outlandish- looks strange and unusual

    ruckus- bunch of loud noises

    proclaimed- said something loudly to a big group

    hollow- took the center out so there was nothing in the middle

    prodded- urged or encouraged

    swell- very good


    crucial- extremely important

    crisis- dangerous situation

    maneuvered- moved or guided very carefully

    perseverance- try hard and don’t give up

    encountered- met a person unexpectedly

    persuading- getting someone to agree with your plan or opinion

    appealed- made a request with a lot of feeling

    destiny- certain things will happen because it has already been decided

    import- bring products in from another country

    stormed- attacked

    demanded- said very firmly

    scholars- people who have studied topics and know a lot about them

    specialized- given most of time to study a certain topic

    gesture- something you say or do in order to express a feeling

    envisioned- pictured something in your mind

    proportion- none of its parts are too large or small

    resisted- made it difficult for something to be done

    ignore- to refuse to pay attention to something

    restored- fixed so that  it looked like new again

    scored- made lines with a sharp tool to show where you want it cut

    eminent- well-known and important

    charity- showing kindness by giving money or gifts to organizations that need them

    modest- does not brag or show off

    disgruntled- unhappy because things didn’t turn out

    inadequate-not as good or large as it needs to be

    aghast- shocked and disgusted about something

    dismayed- upset about something/ not sure how to deal with it

    amends- makes positive changes

    absent-minded–forgets things easily

    concoction-  mix of different things, often put together without much planning

    demonstrate- show steps for

    horror- scary






    Theme  Most themes are unstated, and it is up to the reader to infer what the theme is.  Readers can make inferences about theme by considering the qualities and motives of the main character, the way the character responds to the plot, and what the main character learns.

    Literary Criticism

    Good readers evaluate what they read and determine if it is high quality or not.   

    Theme is the message, or moral of a story.  Usually, it is not stated, but readers can figure it out by considering what the characters are like, what they want, and what they do.

    Literary Criticism To determine if  a text is high quality, students first have to figure out what the writer’s purpose is.   Then they look at various elements of the work to see if the writer achieved that purpose.


    Text Structure: Sequence

       then    next     later   finally

        next year      after that

    Reference Sources

    dictionary   thesaurus   almanac   atlas   encyclopedia

    Text Structure- Sequence

    First   finally  the following year

    Other text structures: Compare/Contrast…Main Idea and Details

    Reference Sources

    dictionary   thesaurus   almanac   atlas   encyclopedia




    Literary Criticism

    Text Structure- Sequence

    Reference Sources

    THEME 3

    Lesson 11

    Lesson 12

    Lesson 13

    Lesson 14

    Lesson 15






    inflammable-  can catch fire easily and will burn rapidly

    dignified- behave in a calm, serious, and respectful manner

    rowdy- noisy, rough, and out of control

    seldom- hardly ever happens

    conducted- led and guided something

    shatter- break suddenly and violently into small pieces

    broached- veered on its side and is danger of sinking

    campus- buildings and land of a college

    puny- small and weak

    adjust- change your behavior to fit a new situation

    residents- people or animals that live in a place

    specimens- samples of things scientists collect in order to study

    recoil- jerk back suddenly

    pesky-  annoying or troublesome

    internal- something that is inside a person, an animal, an object, or a place

    debris- scattered pieces of something that has been destroyed


    habitats- the animal’s natural environment

    chowed-ate eagerly

    bellowing- loud, low pitched yelling

    outcast- someone who has been rejected or driven out by others

    reputation- known for something

    betrayed- done something harmful to a person who trusted you

    yearning- having a great desire

    withered- dried up and faded

    escapades- carefree, mischievous, or reckless adventures

    unfathomable- impossible to understand

    stalled- not able to move on; delayed

    skidded- had no control over movement

    fluttered- waved back and forth quickly

    elongates- stretches to a longer length

    elastic- stretches easily

    rigid- stiff and does not change shape easily

    accumulate- collect over time

    underlying-  located under or beneath something

    intricate- complicated or involved

    vanish- to disappear

    replenishing- refilling or making it complete again

    rages- moves very quickly

    plunges- moves downward very fast

    dredge- a large machine that digs out sand, soil, or other material from underwater

    recount- tell

    uninhabitable- cannot support life

    sustain- maintain or keep alive

    monotonous- unvaried; boring

    endeavor- a serious attempt to do something

    dwell- to live somewhere

    brimming- filled as much as possible

    teeming- abundantly filled with something

    parched- extremely, unpleasantly dry

    sorrowful- deeply sad

    clung- held on tightly

    fierce- very strong, hard






    Compare and Contrast

    Authors of narrative text often show how characters, events, or places are related to one another by comparing and contrasting them.

    Venn Diagrams

    Make Generalizations

    Gather details about a specific topic from the text and prior knowledge and summarize it.

    Make a statement most likely to be true based on the information that you summarized.

    Use the statement to make a broad, general statement.

    Compare and Contrast

    Authors of narrative text often show how characters, events, or places are related to one another by comparing and contrasting them.

    Venn Diagrams

    Expository Forms

    Social Studies and Science textbooks are examples of expository texts.

    It’s purpose is to give information, explain, or persuade.  It is organized by main idea and details, comparisons and contrasts, cause and effect, or sequence.  It often includes headings, photographs, captions, and graphic aids.

    Cause and Effect

    A cause is the reason something happens.   Signal words: such as, because

    Vocabulary Strategies

    When you come across an unfamiliar longer word, look to see if the word can be broken down into smaller parts.  By thinking about the meaning and pronunciation of the smaller parts, you can sometimes decode the longer word.

    Text Structure: Cause and Effect

    Authors do not always explain the cause before telling the effect.  Sometimes authors tell the effect first and then explain what caused it.

    A cause can have more than one effect, and an effect can have more than one cause.  A causal chain is a series of causes and effects that are connected to each other.  A causal chain is a series of causes and effects that are connected to each other.  A causal chain may be both the effect of an earlier event and the cause of a later event.

    Compare and Contrast


    Cause and Effect


    Vocabulary Strategies


    Expository Forms- Features

    Lesson 16

    Lesson 17

    Lesson 18

    Lesson 19

    Lesson 20






    tempted- want to do something even though you think you shouldn’t

    insights- understand important things that other people may not see

    essence- most basic, important quality

    indication- sign that something exists or that something might happen

    proposed - suggested

    instinct- sudden, powerful feeling that you should do something

    baffled- confused

    annoyed- angry or bothered

    submit- present

    stamina- quick and strong enough to go for a long time

    hiatus- a pause

    embarked- began

    unimaginable- impossible to think about

    extravagant- something that is much more costly or elaborate than you  need

    gourmet- a person who enjoys good food

    throng-  a crowd of people

    precarious- dangerous or uncertain

    budge- would not move or change

    wobble-  tips from side to side

    enchanted- a magical place

    compartments- separate parts to keep things in

    swayed- moving back and forth

    phobia- to be terrified of something without having a good reason for the fear.

    invasion- when people or other things come on your property without permission

    vetoed- rejected

    wispy- thin, lightweight, and easily broken

    sarcastic- saying the opposite of what is meant

    reproduce-  copy








    Make Inferences- When  you make inferences about a story’s meaning, you use the information in the story and your own experience to understand what happens.

    Literary Patterns and Symbols

    Most folktales have the following patterns:  

     A simple repetitive plot

    A main character who is typical of the culture

    A clever main character who achieves a goal

    A plot that gives information about cultural values or teaches a lesson

    Make Inferences- When you make inferences, you combine story clues, prior knowledge, and experience to figure out what is happening in the story.

    Synonyms and Antonyms

    Synonym- a word that means almost the same as another word.

    Antonym- a word that means the opposite of another word.

    You can use synonyms and antonyms as clues to figure out unfamiliar words.

    Main Idea and Details

    Realistic fiction stories may include passages with facts about a topic.  Determining the main idea of a passage can help readers understand its contents.

    Point of View

    First person (autobiography) subject of the text is the person who wrote it    Clues:  “I”  “me”

    Third person- limited (biography)- written by an author about someone else

    Third person- omniscient – written by an author who sees and pretends to be all the characters






Last Modified on August 24, 2017