There are 8 areas of development that are addressed under the area of English Language Arts during Kindergarten...
1- Phonemic Awareness- The true building block skills of reading! Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate sounds in spoken words. In Kindergarten we will work with rhymes, syllables, blending (putting a series of sounds together to produce a word), and segmenting (hearing a word and being able to chop it up into seperate phoneme sounds). We will also work on identifying beginning, ending and middle sounds (in that order).
2- Phonics- In the curriculum, we will introduce each letter of the alphabet seperately. Students will learn to identify the letter and its sound... as well as write the letter. The letters will be introduced, one at a time, in the following order...
m, s, r, a, t, n, p, c, i, d, o, g, f, e, b, k, u, l, h, w, x, v, j, y, z, q
3- Stories- Students will be exposed to various literature through read alouds of stories in the Harcourt Storytown curriculum as well as fiction and nonfiction selections that are related to the seasons, holidays and other special events that occur throughout the year. As students are ready, they will be provided with additional text to read in small group ELA opportunities.
4- Sight Words- There are 42 Kindergarten sight words that we will encourage your children to learn throughout the year. Students will work at their own pace to learn these words and their progress will be monitored in their own sight word book.
The words include; me, I, a, go, the, my, he, she, and, come, here, was, like, where, to, do, this, for, said, of, you, look, one, two, see, what, up, down, friend, we, want, out, who, any, are, they, good, there, give, little, that, have
5- Word Building- Word Building lessons are very structured and systematic lessons where children are given a specific set of letters that they manipulate to create different words based on the teacher's directions. The teacher will instruct students to remove or add letters and then follow the procedure for cummulative blending (saying the sound of the first letter, then saying the sound of the second letter, then blending those two sounds and holding them briefly before saying the sound of the third letter and finally blending all three sounds together).
6- Decodable Reading- In conjunction with word building lessons, children will be exposed to phrases and sentences that include a combination of (1) previously taught sight words (that are memorized- not sounded out) and (2) words that can be sounded out (these words will only be made up of letters that have been previously taught). As children are ready, they may be given additional leveled reading material as well.
7- Dictation- Each week, children will practice dictation exercises. In these activities, a sound or word will be spoken and children will record either the letter that makes the sound or the letters that spell the word.
8- Journal Writing- Journal writing is an activity that will take place weekly to assist students in developing their writing. Writing skills follow a continuum as described below...
-drawing a picture
-adding scribbles or even wavy lines that resemble writing
-including real letters (that appear to be used randomly)
-using real letters with evidence that they are being used purposefully (putting down the beginning sound of a word, or the beginning and ending sounds of a word or maybe even adding some of the middle sounds heard in a word)
-writing phonetically and starting to include things like spaces, basic punctuation and some capital letters
-advanced writing that includes multiple sentences sequenced to tell a story or share information
Each week, students will receive a mini lesson about new things to consider as they are writing and they will have a chance to practice their skills in a journal entry. On occasion, there will be a topic provided for the entry but most often, children will be encouraged to write about something that they love or that they are excited for. :)