• By the end of kindergarten your child should be able to do the following:


    • Follow 1-2 simple directions in a sequence
    • Listen to and understand age-appropriate stories read aloud
    • Follow a simple conversation


    • Be understood by most people
    • Answer simple "yes/no" questions
    • Answer open-ended questions (e.g., "What did you have for lunch today?")
    • Retell a story or talk about an event
    • Participate appropriately in conversations
    • Show interest in and start conversations


    • Know how a book works (e.g., read from left to right and top to bottom in English)
    • Understand that spoken words are made up of sounds
    • Identify words that rhyme (e.g., cat and hat)
    • Compare and match words based on their sounds
    • Understand that letters represent speech sounds and match sounds to letters
    • Identify upper- and lowercase letters
    • Recognize some words by sight
    • "Read" a few picture books from memory
    • Imitate reading by talking about pictures in a book


    • Print own first and last name
    • Draw a picture that tells a story and label and write about the picture
    • Write upper- and lowercase letters (may not be clearly written)