• Exam
    MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 
    1) The most important minerals stored in bones are: 
    A) sodium and potassium 
    B) calcium and iron 
    C) calcium and potassium 
    D) calcium and phosphorus 
    E) sodium and phosphorus 
     
    2) Vertebrae are considered ________ bones, whereas ankle 
    bones are considered ________. 
    A) flat; short 
    B) short; irregular 
    C) irregular; short 
    D) short; flat 
    E) compact; spongy 
     
    3) Which of the following orientation and directional terms 
    have the same meaning (in humans): 
    A) inferior and cephalad 
    B) superior and caudal 
    C) anterior and dorsal 
    D) anterior and ventral 
     
    4) Which of the following bone categories are generally cube-
    shaped: 
    A) long bone 
    B) irregular bone 
    C) flat bone 
    D) short bone 
     
    5) In describing the relationship of the thoracic and spinal 
    cavities: 
    A) the thoracic cavity is proximal to the spinal cavity 
    B) the thoracic cavity is ventral to the spinal cavity 
    C) the thoracic cavity is medial to the spinal cavity 
    D) the thoracic cavity is inferior to the spinal cavity 
     
    6) Sarah fell while ice skating and broke a bone in her carpal 
    region. Where is this region? 
    A) lower leg B) wrist C) shoulder D) hip E) knee 
     
    7) The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by 
    dense connective tissue fibers called: 
    A) articular cartilage 
    B) Volkmann's canals 
    C) endochondral bone 
    D) Sharpey's fibers 
     
    8) Red bone marrow functions to ________, whereas yellow 
    bone marrow functions to ________. 
    A) provide osteoclasts; produce osteocytes 
    B) produce adipose tissue; produce blood cells
    C) provide osteocytes; produce blood cells 
    D) produce blood cells; store fat tissue 
    E) provide osteocytes; produce osteoblasts 
     
    9) Which bone is this:
     sfsdf
    A) maxilla
    B) Sphenoid
    C) Mandible
    D) Vomer
     
    10) The presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates that: 
    A) bone diameter is increasing 
    B) bone is dead 
    C) bone diameter is decreasing 
    D) bone length is increasing 
    E) bone length is no longer increasing 
     
    11) The patella is a: 
    A) sesamoid bone and a short bone 
    B) irregular bone 
    C) sesamoid bone 
    D) short bone 
    E) flat bone 
     
    12) What bone is this:
    Bone1  
    A) Ulna
    B) Fibula
    C) Radius
    D) Tibia
     
    13) What kind of tissue absorbs shock and provides a smooth surface on bones:
    A) ligaments
    B) dense fibrous connective tissue 
    C) elastic connective tissue 
    D)  cartilage 
     
    14) The factor(s) that determine where bone matrix is to be 
    remodeled is (are): 
    A) growth hormone 
    B) calcium level of the blood 
    C) stresses of gravity and muscle pull on the skeleton 
    D) parathyroid hormone (PTH) 
     
    15)Which bone is this:
     sdfsd
    A) maxilla
    B) Sphenoid
    C) Mandible
    D) Vomer
     
    16) A compound fracture can be described as when: 
    A) the broken bone is exposed to the outside 
    B) the bone is crushed 
    C) adjacent bones fracture simultaneously 
    D) the bone is broken into many fragments 
    E) the broken bone ends are forced into each other 
     
    17) A bone fracture where the bone is broken into many 
    fragments is a: 
    sdfsdf  
    A) compound fracture 
    B) greenstick fracture 
    C) comminuted fracture 
    D) compression fracture 
    E) simple fracture 
     
    18) A fracture that is common in children, whose bones have 
    relatively more collagen in their matrix and are more 
    flexible than those of adults, is a(n): 
    asfsadf  
    A) impacted fracture 
    B) open fracture 
    C) spiral fracture 
    D) depressed fracture 
    E) greenstick fracture 
     
    19) A fracture that is common in osteoporotic bones is a(n): 
    asdasd  
    A) spiral fracture 
    B) simple fracture 
    C) depressed fracture 
    D) compression fracture 
    E) impacted fracture 
     
    20) The axial skeleton contains: 
    A) the shoulder and pelvic girdles 
    B) arms, legs, hands, and feet 
    C) the skull, vertebral column, and pelvis 
    D) only flat bones 
    E) the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum 
     
    21)Which bone is this:
     asdasd
    A) maxilla
    B) Sphenoid
    C) Mandible
    D) Vomer
     
    22) The hyoid bone is unique because: 
    A) it has an unusual shape 
    B) it has no specific function 
    C) it is covered with mucosa 
    D) it is the only bone of the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone 
     
    23) The five regions of the vertebral column, from superior to 
    inferior, are: 
    A) cervical, lumbar, sacral, thoracic, coccygeal 
    B) cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal 
    C) cervical, sacral, thoracic, coccygeal, lumbar 
    D) cervical, thoracic, sacral, lumbar, coccygeal 
    E) cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral, coccygeal 
     
    24) There are ________ lumbar vertebra; whereas there are 
    ________ thoracic vertebra. 
    A) 5; 7
    B) 12; 5
    C) 7; 5
    D) 5; 12
    E) 12; 7 
     
    25) Which of the following bone categories is composed of 
    two layers of compact bone sandwiching a layer of spongy 
    bone between them: 
    A) sesamoid bone 
    B) compact bone 
    C) irregular bone 
    D) long bone 
    E) flat bone 
     
    26) There are __________ vertebrae in the neck region. 
    A) twelve thoracic 
    B) seven lumbar 
    C) five lumbar 
    D) five thoracic 
    E) seven cervical 
     
    27) Which is the correct order of ribs, from superior to inferior: 
    A) floating ribs, false ribs, true ribs 
    B) false ribs, floating ribs, true ribs 
    C) true ribs, false ribs, floating ribs 
    D) true ribs, floating ribs, false ribs 
    E) floating ribs, true ribs, false ribs 
     
    28) Fingers and toes are referred to as: 
    A) metacarpals
    B) carpals
    C) phalanges
     
    29) The tailbone is the: 
    A) sacrum
    B) pubis
    C) ischium
    D) patella
    E) coccyx  
     
    30) Bone formation can be referred to as: 
    A) ossification 
    B) gout 
    C) rickets 
    D) osteoarthritis 
    E) osteoporosis 
     
    31) Four of the five answers listed below are parts of the same 
    anatomical area. Select the exception. 
    A)humerus B) radius C) clavicle D) fibula E) scapula 
     
    32) The atlas is the: 
    A) second cervical vertebra 
    B) part of the sacrum 
    C) first thoracic vertebra 
    D) last lumbar vertebra 
    E) first cervical vertebra 
     
    33) Which of these structures is the most complex: 
    A) a tissue 
    B) an organ 
    C) a molecule 
    D) a cell 
    E) organ system 
     
    34) What bone is this:
    Skull  
    A) Temporal
    B) Frontal
    C) Zygomatic
    D) Parietal
    35) Which is the correct order of ribs, from superior to inferior: 
    A) floating ribs, false ribs, true ribs 
    B) false ribs, floating ribs, true ribs 
    C) true ribs, floating ribs, false ribs 
    D) floating ribs, true ribs, false ribs 
    E) true ribs, false ribs, floating ribs 
     
    36) The foramen magnum passes through the: 
    A) temporal bone
    B) occipital bone 
    C) coxal bone 
    37) What bone is this:
     vbf
    A) Temporal
    B) Frontal
    C) Zygomatic
    D) Parietal
    38) The tough outer covering on long bones:
    A)Periosteum  
    B) Articular Surface
    C) Fossa
    D) Epiphyseal Plate
     
    39) What bone is this:
    Bones  
     
    A) Temporal
    B) Frontal
    C) Zygomatic
    D) Parietal
     
    40) What bone is this:
     bonn
    A) Temporal
    B) Frontal
    C) Zygomatic
    D) Parietal
     
    41) What bone is this:
     dfgedf
    A) Fibula
    B) Tibia
    C) Femur
    D) Patella
     
    42) What bone is this:
     Bonnne
    A) Fibula
    B) Tibia
    C) Femur
    D) Patella
     
    43) What bone is this:
     sdfsdf
    A) Fibula
    B) Tibia
    C) Femur
    D) Patella
     
    44) What bone is this:
     esfsd
    A) Fibula
    B) Tibia
    C) Femur
    D) Patella
     
    45) What bone is this:
     flsndf
    A) Fibula
    B) Tibia
    C) Femur
    D) Patella
     
Last Modified on November 26, 2014