The Founders: Internet Exploration Activity

          I.  The Heritage of the Revolution

    Text 174 – 179 (1/2 2nd column)


    What advantages had been gained by independence?  What disadvantages were suffered?



    II.  Creating a New National Government

    Text 179 – 182 (all)


    What were the major strengths and weaknesses of the Articles?  What were the governmental achievements of this period?  What ideas and ideals were put into practice during this “Experimental Period”?



          III.  Foreign Affairs under the Articles of Confederation

    Text 183-186 (1st paragraph), Spirit 178-179 (Washington), 179-180 (Jefferson)



    The text refers to the United States at this time as “The World’s Ugly Duckling”.  In what ways is this phrase accurate?  In what ways is it inaccurate?



    IV.Drafting the Constitution


    Text 186-195 (all)


    What specific events led to the calling of the Constitutional Convention?




    V-VI.  The Constitution of the United States


    Text 197; Spirit 184-186 (Hamilton), 186-187 (Mason), 187-188 (Jefferson)


                What are the basic differences between the Articles and the new Constitution?  Why did the Constitution limit the power of the federal government?  According to John Adams, the “Constitution was extorted for a reluctant people by a grinding necessity”.  Explain the meanings of the underlined words.




    VII The Founding Fathers


    Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It (hereafter cited as APT),chapter 1 (in-class)


    What is Hofstadter’s interpretation of the basic motives and guiding principles of the men who drew up the Constitution?







    I.                   The First Administration


    Text 199 – 205


    How did the administration use each of its measures to attempt to solve a pressing problem of national importance?  Taken together, did they constitute a political program designed to unite the new country?




    II.                The Rise of Political Parties

    Text 205-206; Spirit 206-211, 211-213, 213-214 (Hamilton v Jefferson)



    What caused a party system to evolve in America?  How closely did the Federalists and Jeffersonians resemble modern parties?  Did Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s differences over funding the debt reveal any basic disagreements over philosophy of government?




    III.             Foreign Affairs of the New Nation

    Text 206-207; 210-213 (middle of 2nd column)


    What were the key problems of American diplomats during this period?  All things considered, were the Americans successful in dealing with foreign powers at this time? 




    IV.             John Adams as President

    Text 213-219; Spirit 226-227 (Pickering), 227-228 (Madison)


    Are the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions reasonable responses to perceived abuse by the national government?  What other topic will be argued in the future using this precedent?




    V.                The Revolution of 1800

    Text 219-221; 224-226 (all), 228, Spirit 231-232 ( Federalist newspaper excerpts)


    What was revolutionary about the Revolution of 1800?




    ------------------------------EXAM UNITS III AND IV --------------------------------------
Last Modified on October 4, 2013